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A Land Survey is a generic identify for a survey. If you read on, you will see that there are many types of surveys. Let’s first try to answer the most popular questions.
Just what is a Property Survey?

A Property Survey is a document generally supplied by a qualified land surveyor or an engineering company whom employees certified surveyors. This document will include a drawing which shows property lines (boundaries) and characteristics within the surveyed area. This may be building(s) (residential or commercial), placement of easements utilized by utility businesses (cable, telephone, power, sewage as well as city easements), etc.

Property surveys usually are required by law and should be recorded at your local courthouse within the recorder of deeds branch. Surveyor professionals are required to be certified in the state, in which the property is located in.

What is the Cost of a Survey?
The below items will play a role in the effort a professional survey engineer will encounter when providing a property survey.

1. Has your land been surveyed? If so do you have a copy of the survey? This is important because with a recent survey, the surveying engineer can locate landmarks used to determine boundaries.

If there is NOT a recent survey, research has to be conducted to locate your property. Sometimes this may include getting public records of neighbors surrounding your property. If there are no surveys, your boundaries will have to be established, which will result in more surveying work.

2. Are there a lot of trees and brush on your property? If your property is saturated with many trees in the area, it may prove to become difficult to utilize GPS tools useful to examine a region. In addition, if a property has a lot of brush, timber or obstacles, it usually is hard to identify survey stakes or landmarks.

Ok, so we have talked a bit as to what a land survey is, let’s discuss the types of surveys:

SRPR (Surveyor’s Real Property Reports) – Discover significant enhancements and cursory check for encroachments onto or even through the subject property in line with the existing but not validated evidence. Primarily required by loan providers, title insurers, zoning/code administration organizations.

ALTA/ACSM Land Title Survey – This is the most detailed form of survey that adheres to ALTA requirements resulting in the “legal description” of a property. It typically can be used like a survey certification on the owner’s title.

Property Boundary Surveys – Used for verification on the corners and boundary lines of Real-Property
So we discussed the most widespread surveys. Below are various other forms of surveys.

Boundary Retracement Survey – Survey retracing a previously recorded survey.
Metes & Bounds Survey – Survey based on the research of deeds on your subject parcel and the encompassing properties.

Subdivision Lot Resurvey – Survey in relation to an existing registered Subdivision

Plat-Riparian Survey – Survey of Navigable and Non-Navigable Streams, Lakes and various other water courses.

GLO Dependent Resurvey – United States Public Land System Corner Restoration/Reestablishment. Area Corners and Quarter-Section Corners set according to Missouri Statute Legislation

New Survey – Survey that creates a different parcel out of present parcel by way of preparing a new property description for deed conveyance.

Subdivision Survey – Survey that creates and simultaneously provides various parcels (lots) by preparing a Neighborhood Plat in accordance with applicable ordinances.

Topographical Survey – For representation of the lay of the land, primarily for design software.

Data Collection Survey – For resource/asset administration, design and/or GIS applications.

FEMA Elevation Certificate / Flood-Plain Survey – To get flood plain delineation.

Construction Stakeout Survey – For proper location and positioning of buildings to be built.
Geodetic / Cadastral Survey (referenced to Geographic Coordinate System Database) Base layer for GIS apps

Route Survey – Survey of Highway/Railroad retracing right-of-way plans, highway plans or track plans

Construction Stakeout Survey – For proper location and placement of constructions to be constructed

Geodetic / Cadastral Survey (referenced to Geographic Coordinate System Database) Base layer for GIS apps

Route Survey – Survey of Highway/Railroad retracing right-of-way plans, highway plans or track plans

Article Written by:
Pellin Surveying – Offering Land Surveying service to St. Louis and St. Charles, MO
Surveying Missouri . . . One Acre at a Time!